Do you have bleeding gums?
Do you have a bad odor from your gums?
Do you have a loose tooth?
These are signs of gum infection and you may need gum treatments.
Periodontal disease is an infection of the tissues that support your teeth. Your gum tissue is not attached to the teeth as high as it may seem. Periodontal diseases are classified according to the severity of the disease. The two major stages are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is a milder and reversible form of periodontal disease that only affects the gums. Gingivitis may lead to more serious, destructive forms of periodontal disease called periodontitis.
Some factors increase the risk of developing periodontal disease:
- Tobacco smoking or chewing
- Systemic diseases such as diabetes
- Some types of medication such as steroids, some types of anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, some calcium channel blockers and oral contraceptives
- Bridges that no longer fit properly
- Crooked teeth
- Fillings that have become defective
- Pregnancy or use of oral contraceptives
Several warning signs that can signal a problem:
- Gums that bleed easily
- Red, swollen, tender gums
- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
- Persistent bad breath or bad taste
- Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
- Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- Any change in the fit of partial dentures
Periodontal disease may also lead to other more severe health issues including:
- High Blood pressure
- High Cholesterol
- Heart Disease
It is possible to have periodontal disease and have no warning signs. The health of your gums extends beyond just a healthy smile. Regular dental appointments are not only important for the health of your teeth and gums, but to your overall health as well. If you’re in need of a check-up, don’t hesitate:
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